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Bibliography for Middle Eastern Music and Culture

(mainly taken from Arab Music Theory in the Modern Period Part 2 by S. Marcus, 1989 with a few additions by Mimi Spencer) 

Antonius, George. The Arab Awakening. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1955. 

Azzam, Nabil Salim. Muhammad 'Abd al-Wahhab in Modern Egyptian Music. Ph.D. dissertation. Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Dissertation Information Service, 1990. 

Berque, Jacques. Egypt: Imperialism and Revolution. Translated by Jean Stewart. London: Farber and Farber, 1972. 

Bulos, Afif Alvarez. Handbook of Arabic Music. Beirut: Librairie du Liban, 1971. 

Carmi-Cohen, Dalia. "An Investigation into the Tonal Structure of the Maqamat," in Journal of the International Folk Music Council, 1964. (16):102-106. 

Danielson, Virginia Louise. The Voice of Egypt: Umm Kulthum, Arabic Song, and Egyptian Society in the Twentieth Century. Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1967. 

_____  Shaping Tradition in Arabic Song: The Career and Repertory of Umm Kulthum. Ph.D. dissertation. Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Dissertation Information Service, 1991. #6137 

Davis, Ruth. Modern Trends in the Ma'luf of Tunisia, 1934-1984. Ph.D. dissertation. Princeton University, 1986. 

Farmer, Henry George. A History of Arabian Music. London: Luzac & Company, Ltd, 1929. 

_____ "Musiki," in Encyclopedia of Islam. Ed. Houtsma et al. Leidan: E.J. Brill, 1936. pp. 749-755. An English version of a French article in Recueil 1934:642ff. 

_____ "Mushaka," in The Encyclopedia of Islam Supplement. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1938. pp. 159-60. Similar articles appear in 1954 Grove's and 1980 New Grove under "Mushaqa." 

_____ The Sources of Arabian Music. Hinrichsen Edition, Scotland, 1940. 2nd edition 1965. 

_____ Sa'adyah Gaon on the Influence of Music. London: Arthur Probsthain, 1943. 

_____ "Egyptian Music" and "Syrian Music," in Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. Eric Blom. London: MacMillan, 1954. (2):891-897 and (8):251-258, respectively. 

_____ "The Music of Islam," in New Oxford History of Music. Vol. 1: Ancient and Oriental Music. Ed. Egon Wellesz. London: Oxford University Press, 1957. pp. 421-477. 

al-Faruqi. The Nature of the Musical Art of Islamic Culture: A Theoretical and Empirical Study of Arabian Music. Ph.D. dissertation. Syracuse University: New York, 1974. 

_____ An Annotated Glossary of Arabic Musical Terms. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1981. 

Fisher, Sidney Nettleton. The Middle East: A History. 3rd ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979. 

Gerson-Kiwi. "Maqam," in Riemann Musik Lexikon. Mainz: B. Schott's Sohne, 1967. 

_____ "On the Technique of Arab Taqsim Composition," in Musik als Gestalt und Erlebnis. Wein: Hermann Bohlaus Nachf, 1970. pp. 66-73. 

Goldschmidt, Arthur Jr. A Concise History of the Middle East. Boulder, Colorado:Westview Press, 1979. 

Hitti, Philip Khuri. History of Syria, Including Lebanon and Palestine. London: MacMillan, 1951. 

Hourani, Albert. Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798-1939. London: Oxford University Press, 1970. 1st published 1962. 

Jorgensen, Owen. Tuning the Historical Temperaments by Ear. Marquette: The North Michigan University Press, 1977. 

Lachmann, Robert and A.H. Fox-Strangways. "Muhammedan Music," in Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. H.C. Colles. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1935. (3):575-579. 

Lane, Edward. An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians. The Haque: East-West Publications, 1981. Reprint of a 1895 edition. 1st publ. 1836. 

Marcus, Scott. Arab Music Theory in the Modern Period. Ph.D. dissertation. Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Dissertation Information Service, 1989. 

Marsot, Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid (al-Sayyid-Marsot). Egypt's Liberal Experiment: 1922-1936. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977. 

_____  A Short History of Modern Egypt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. 

Nettl, Bruno. "Thoughts on Improvisation: A Comparative Approach," in The Musical Quarterly. Vol. LX, 1974.  (1):1-19. 

Nettl, Bruno and Ronald Riddle. "Taqsim Nahawand: A Study of Sixteen Performances by Jihad Racy," in Yearbook of the International Folk Music Council, 1973.  (5):11-50. 

Ozkan, Ismail Hakki. Turk Musikisi Nazariyative Usulleri. Istanbul, Turkey, 1990. (Usually available from the non-profit Near Eastern Music West, Inc. ISBN: 975-437-017-6) 

Pacholczyk, Josef. "Arab Music," in New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. Stanley Sadie. London: MacMillan, 1980. (1):521-526. 

Partch, Harry. Genesis of a Music. 2nd edition. New York: Da Capo Press, 1974. 

Powers, Harold. "Mode," in New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. Stanley Sadie. London: MacMillan, 1980. (12):376-450.

_____ Review of Owen Wright's The Modal System of Arab and Persian Music, A.D. 1250-1300 in Journal of the American Musicological Society. XXXIII. Spring, 1980. (1):181-191. 

_____ "Mode and Modality," in Report of the Twelfth Congress, Berkeley 1977. Eds. D. Heartz and B. Wade. London: The American Musicological Society, 1981. 

Racy, Ali Jihad. Musical Change and Commercial Recording in Egypt, 1904-1932. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1977. 

_____ "Music in Contemporary Cairo: A Comparative Overview," in Asian Music. Vol. 13, 1981.  (1):4-26 

_____ "Musical Aesthetics in Present-Day Cairo," in Ethnomusicology. 26, 1982. (3):391-406. 

_____ "Music in Nineteenth-Century Egypt: An Historical Sketch," in Selected Reports in Ethnomusicology. 1983. (4):157-179. 

_____ "Music," in The Genius of the Arab Civilization. 2nd. edition. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1983. pp. 121-141. 

_____ "The Waslah: A Compound-Form Principle in Egyptian Music," in Arab Studies Quarterly. 5, 1983. (4):396-403. 

_____ "Sound and Society: The Takht Music of Early-Twentieth Century Cairo," in Selected Reports in Ethnomusicology. 1988. (7):139-170. 

Rasheed, Baheega Sidky. Egyptian Folk Songs in Arabic and English. New York: Oak Publications, 1964. 

Shaw, Stanford. The History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976. 

Shiloah, Amnon. The Theory of Music in Arabic Writings, (c. 900-1900). RISM B/X. Munich: G. Henie Verlag, 1979. 

_____ "The Arabic Concept of Mode," in the Journal of the American Musicological Society. Vol. 34, 1981. (1):19-42. 

Smith, Eli. "A Treatise on Arab Music (chiefly from a work by Michail Meshakah, of Damascus)," in Journal of the American Oriental Society. Boston, 1847. Vol. 1, (3):171-217. Loose translation of many parts of Mashaqah's treatise. 

Spencer, Mimi. ZILS: The Art of Playing Finger Cymbals. Self-published.  

Touma, Habib Hassan. "The Maqam Phenomenon: An Improvisation Technique in the Music of the Middle East," in Ethnomusicology. Vol. 15, 1971. (1):38-48. 

Wehr, Hans. A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic. Ed. J. Milton Cowan. Ithaca, New York: Spoken Languages Services, Incorporated, 1976. 1st published in German in 1961. 

Wright, Owen. The Modal System of Arab and Persian Music, A.D. 1250-1300. London Oriental Series, Vol. 28. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978. 

_____ "Music," in The Legacy of Islam. 2nd edition. Ed. Joseph Schnacht with C.E. Bosworth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979. 

_____ "Arab Music," in New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Ed. Stanley Sadie. London: MacMillan, 1980. (1):514-521. 

Yilmaz, Zeki. Turk Musikisi Dersleri (Turkish Music Lessons). Istanbul, Turkey, 1994. (Usually available from Near Eastern Music, Inc. ISBN: 975-95729-1-5)

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